These birding hotspots might be cold but you’ll forget all about it when you see these incredible birds.
For many people, it might sound crazy to head north in the winter instead of south but serious birders know there are plenty of incredible birding hotspots to visit even when it’s freezing. Owls tend to be the main species that draws birders north in the winter but there are many more birds to see! Here are some of the best places to visit for winter birding.
Klamath Basin: Northern California and Southern Oregon
Special sightings: Barrow’s goldeneye, bald eagle, white-headed woodpecker
The Klamath Basin is a major layover on the famed Pacific Flyway. Multiple freshwater habitats—including lakes,rivers and marshes—attract wading birds and waterfowl in absolutely unbelievable numbers.
Snow geese, cackling geese and Ross’s geese are winter regulars, along with Clark’s grebes and common and Barrow’s goldeneyes. More than 500 bald eagles, the largest concentration in the continental U.S., spend winter around the Klamath Basin. Combine a drive along the 10-mile Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge Auto Tour Route marshes with a trip to Lava Beds National Monument’s upland habitat to maximize the diversity of your sightings. Check out coast to coast birding hotspots for every season.
Cape Henlopen State Park and Delaware Seashore State Park: Sussex County, Delaware
Special sightings: snow bunting, long-tailed duck, razorbill
Delaware’s Cape Henlopen State Park offers views of both Delaware Bay and the Atlantic Ocean and is a haven for wintering geese, ducks and other waterbirds. You’ll find all three types of scoter here, alongside diving seabirds like northern gannets. Look closely at flocks of double-crested cormorants, as great cormorantsoften mingle with them. Scan the dunes for snow buntings or even the rare Lapland longspur.
Nearby Delaware Seashore State Park’s Indian River Inlet is another excellent location where you might spot pelagic species like razorbills, dovekies or murres. Discover the top 5 birding hotspots for fall migration.
The Niagara Birding Trail: Niagara and Erie County, New York
Special sightings: Iceland gull, peregrine falcon, harlequin duck
The Niagara River Corridor, which includes Niagara Falls and the Niagara Birding Trail, is a popular tourist destination and a special place for winter birders. If you love gulls, Niagara Falls is the place to be! Thousands of gulls can be seen here in winter. Waterfowl gather in multitudes, including many that breed in the far northern Arctic, like Iceland gulls and tundra swans.
Areas directly surrounding the falls, including Goat Island, are ideal places to look for up to a dozen gull species, with the possibility of rare visitors such as black-headed gull. Woodpeckers, nuthatches and titmice abound at feeders and along wooded trails on the Dufferin Islands, offering a tranquil break from the falls. Don’t miss the 51 best winter bird photos.
Upper Peninsula: Michigan
Special sightings: Snowy owl, boreal chickadee
There are so many great places to go birding in the UP. From Sault Ste. Marie in the eastern UP all the way to the Kewenaw Peninsula in the west, you can spend at least a week visiting all the awesome spots. Highlight species include snowy owl, Canada jay, spruce grouse, evening grosbeak, and boreal chickadee.
Duluth/Sax-Zim Bog: Minnesota
Special sightings: Great gray owl and Canada jay
This part of Minnesota is likely the most well-known winter birding destination. It tends to get more owls each winter than the UP and is really well developed with services for birders. In addition to being great for owls, you can find Canada jay, black-billed magpie, pine grosbeak, common redpoll, both red and white-winged crossbills, and plenty of gulls. It’s also a good spot to look for Gyrfalcon! Meet the boreal birds of the Northwoods.
Algonquin Provincial Park: Ontario, Canada
Special sightings: Winter finches
For a bit more of an adventure, head north of the border to this park that is northeast of Toronto, Canada. The bird feeders at this park are a great place to see tons of winter finches. Look for purple finches, pine siskins, common redpolls, red and white-winged crossbills, and evening and pine grosbeaks.